Evaluation of the environmental impacts of rare earth elements production

IKHLAYEL, M. 2017. Evaluation of the environmental impacts of rare earth elements production. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 1-19.

Abstract

This study aims to estimate the emissions and evaluate the environmental impacts from the production of rare earth elements (REEs). The life cycle assessment method was used to evaluate the environmental load from the production of each metal. To understand the environmental impacts of REEs production, they were compared with the impacts from the production of base metals and precious metals. The findings of this study should present a scientific baseline for the environmental profile for producing these REEs, which might help lessen their impacts and improve production processes and technologies.